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Military Macaw(Ara militaris) Perhaps the smallest of the large macaws at a length of 28 inches. It is divided into three subspecies, A. militaris militaris, A. m. mexicana, and A.m. boliviana. Each subspecies represents a different and distinct population. The nominate form, A.m. militaris occurs in the eastern tropics of Colombia to western Venezuela and south into eastern Ecuador and northeastern Peru. The subspecies, A. m. boliviana, is found in the tropical portions of Bolivia and northern Argentina, and the northernmost subspecies, A. m. mexicana population is located in Mexico from southeastern Sonora and Sinaloa south to the Yucatan and perhaps into western Guatemala. These very distinct populations are separated by thousands of miles of terrain.

Military Macaws were once very common in Mexico, but are now listed as an endangered species due to the clearing of their habitat for agriculture and capture for pets. While the remaining two populations are not endangered, the entire species has been listed on Appendix I of CITES to assure protection of the northernmost race. Further, the Military, though smaller, is very similar in appearance to the Great Green Macaw or Buffon's Macaw (A. ambigua), which is even more endangered.

The Military Macaw readily breeds and is thus a common parrot in American aviculture, though not as popular as the other, more colorful macaws. It also has a reputation for being nippy and thus requires more attention in the first year of life to maintain a pleasant nature. On the plus side, it is the quietest and least expensive of the large macaws to acquire.

Militaries do well in a large macaw cage as an indoor pet. They enjoy toys and especially wood items, which they like to chew. They can be trained to do most anything, including being potty trained to the cage and they are reasonably good talkers